Renep/Planto Slideway Oils


Renep/Planto Slideway Oils

For the lubrication of machine tool slideways

The dimensional accuracy and surface finish of machined components are greatly influenced by the stick-slip behaviour of slideways and guide rails. The slideway oil used is of particular importance to achieve optimum accuracy.

To avoid chatter marks on component surfaces resulting from high surface pressures and slow feeds, a sufficiently adhesive lubricating film must be present on slideways and guides. This film must eliminate stick-slip, combat wear and avoid corrosion.

The cause of stick-slip is frictional vibration resulting from the constantly changing friction between the machine-tool toolholder – the tool and the work-piece – or slide and its slideway. The same applies to linear guide systems. When a machine tool slide is moved, high frictional and breakaway forces are created. The roughness peaks on both contacting surfaces, which can key into each other with increasing specific pressure, must ride up over each other and the breakaway forces must be overcome. Special slideway oils and their additives assist the formation of lubricant films on the surfaces.

Chemically-active additives activate the metal surface, form antiwear layers and reduce the coefficient of friction between the sliding surfaces. The adhesive properties of the slideway oil must be good enough to withstand machine shut-downs as well as the influence of neat cutting oils and water-miscible cutting fluids. This stops the slideway oil from being squeezed out of the lubricant gap even at high pressures. Good adhesion and good wetting properties also avoid possible lubricant wash-out by the cutting fluid. This prevents the slideway from running dry, and prevents metal-to-metal contact between the roughness peaks.

Special surface-active agents improve lubricant film stability, reduce the coefficient of friction and reduce frictional forces at the point of breakaway and during feed movement.

Guide, slideway, linear guide systems

The most important characteristics of guides and slideways are:??

  • Low Friction
  • No stick-slip at low feed speeds and
  • high pressures
  • Low wear and good protection against
  • seizures and scuffing
  • High stiffness, low play
  • Good damping properties

As a rule, hydrodynamic, hydrostatic and roller guides are used in machine tools. Aerostatic and electromagnetic
guides are only used for special applications.

The use of hydrostatic guides is falling but are still fitted to a great number of machine tools. These days, more and more hydrodynamic and roller guide systems (linear guides) are being used. The most common material combinations in hydrodynamic slideways are grey cast iron-grey cast iron, grey cast iron-plastic, grey cast iron-steel and steel-plastic. CGLP slideway oils according to DIN 51502 and ISO 6743 / 13 are usually used for these material combinations. Horizontal slideways are also lubricated with CGLP 68, HG 68 or G 68 slideway oils. Vertical slideways are lubricated with CGLP 220, HG 220 or G  220 slideway oils. In a number of cases, total-loss, central lubrication systems are used. Slideway oils are general lubricating oils with additives to improve oxidation resistance and corrosion protection.

They also contain special AW and EP agents along with surface-active substances and some even contain tackiness improvers. When slideway oils are used in linear guide systems, the lubricants should form a barrier between the rollers in the contact zone (opposing movement of the rollers). In the contact area, the lubricant should also offer damping, especially at endpoints as well as protection against wear and seizures. The slideway oil should form an effective lubricating film almost  instantaneously. Slideway oils for hydrodynamic slideways and linear guides should display the following characteristics:

  • Low static and dynamic friction coefficients
  • Good compatibility with cutting fluids (chemical compatibility with water-based cutting fluids)
  • Good compatibility with neat cutting oils
  • Good demulsibility with emulsions,
  • no slideway gumming
  • Excellent corrosion protection
  • Avoidance of stick-slip
  • Compatibility with central lubrication equipment
  • Good slideway adhesion
  • Excellent wear-protection properties (Extreme-Pressure and Anti-Wear performance)
  • Good compatibility with slideway materials
  • No discoloration of slideways (no corrosion effects)
  • Good compatibility with hydraulic oils used
  • Must satisfy the demands of hydraulic systems in combined hydraulic and slideway oil circuits (specific systems)

Demulsifying properties of slideway oils and cutting fluids

The demulsifying properties and the separating properties of slideway oil and cutting fluids are examined in a special laboratory test.

This test provides information on the compatibility or incompatibility of slideway oils and cutting fluids. Furthermore, it should examine the influences of the function of slideways and guides.

The cutting fluids to be tested are mixed with the corresponding slideway oils (80% oil, 20% cutting fluid, intensive stirring at room temperature) and then examined for demulsification and separation properties and evaluated in line with DIN 51599. The evaluation is performed visually after one hour (1h), after one day (1d) and after seven days (7d).

Stage 1 classifies the demulsibility as “very good”, i.e. both phases are completely separated.
Stage 2 shows an almost complete separation with a small boundary phase.
Stage 3 contains one oil and one boundary phase.
Stage 4 contains the three phases; an oil, emulsion and boundary phase or one oil and one boundary phase > 30% vol.
Stage 5 contains one boundary and one emulsion phase.
Stage 6 shows no demulsifying, i.e. the boundary phase remains fully intact.


It can be assumed that combinations with the evaluation 1 or 2 have no negative effect on guide or slideway systems. Combinations with the evaluation 3 can still be tolerated. Combinations with the evaluation 4 – 6 form large boundary phases in the forms described below. An increased formation of microorganisms can be recorded. Combinations with the
evaluation 4 – 6 should not be used.


The concentration of the cutting fluid has a major impact on demulsifying properties. Test temperature also influences demulsifying.

Further testing possibilities – compatibility tests: oil – cutting fluid emulsion

A mixture of slideway or hydraulic or gear oil and cutting fluid emulsion is subject to a demulsification test. The
following parameters of the emulsion (which may be contaminated with oil) are tested:

  • ??Concentration (stability)??
  • PH value (corrosion)??
  • Conductivity (drag-in of contaminants)??
  • Sulfide potential (odour problems)

The emulsion data is compared with data from a freshlymixed emulsion. Ideally, deviations should be minimal.

While concentration changes indicate possible stability problems, pH changes can result in corrosion and possible skin compatibility problems. Conductivity changes are also an indicator of dragged-in impurities and thus lower stability and deviations in sulphide potential can result in odour problems.

Determining the static coefficient of friction with an inclined tribometer

Test method

The test apparatus, manufactured by the company SKC Gleittechnik in 96472 Rödental / Germany, uses the inclined plane principle. The inclined plane is formed by a bar, containing a slideway in which suitably machined strips of the mating materials are fitted. The slideway is raised at a constant angular velocity with the aid of a hydraulic piston. The slider is fitted at each end with two specimens of the materials to be tested. Taking into account the 90° veegeometry, this produces a pressure of 10 N / cm2 which can be increased up to 40 N / cm2 with extra weights.

Test procedure

When the slider has moved a distance of 20 microns, a limit switch stops the upward movement of the inclined plane. Also the plotter, which up to this point, made a stiction vs. travel plot, is switched over to travel vs. time. A computer connected via an interface converts the angle reached to the coefficient of friction using the formula (90° V-slideway): ƒ0 = tan α x sin 45°.

After the test has been repeated ten times, a mean value and standard deviation are determined. The coefficient of friction ƒ0 is shown in the results together with the mating materials, the sliding speed and the slideway oil used.


The coefficients of friction should be as low as possible and remain at a low, stable level. To compare the coefficients of friction, other major criteria and properties of the slideway oil should be examined, especially wear protection and demulsibility. The evaluation of slideway oils should also consider the compatibility with the cutting fluid emulsion used. It is recommended that an overall evaluation of the slideway oil-cutting fluid-machine tool parameters is undertaken.

Demulsibility of RENEP slideway oils with ECOCOOL cutting fluids

Valuation: Demulsibility / separation behaviour after 1 hour, after 1 day, after 7 days

Name of the
cutting fluid
Name of the
slideway oil
after 1 hour
after 1 day
after 7 days
ECOCOOL R-AFC 1515 RENEP CGLP 68 5 2 1 1
ECOCOOL FB 1001 RENEP CGLP 68 5 2 1 1
ECOCOOL R-TN 2525 HP RENEP CGLP 68 5 2 1 1
ECOCOOL R-2030 MB RENEP CGLP 68 5 1 1 1
ECOCOOL R-2510 N RENEP CGLP 68 5 2 1 1
ECOCOOL R-AFC 1515 RENEP CGLP 220* 5 1 1 1
ECOCOOL FB 1001 RENEP CGLP 220* 5 1 1 1
ECOCOOL R-TN 2525 HP RENEP CGLP 220* 5 2 2 1
ECOCOOL R-2030 MB RENEP CGLP 220* 5 1 1 1
ECOCOOL FB 1001 RENEP CGLP 68 KN 5 1 1 1
ECOCOOL R-2030 MB RENEP CGLP 68 KN 5 1 1 1
ECOCOOL R-2510 N RENEP CGLP 68 KN 5 1 2 1
ECOCOOL R-AFC 1515 RENEP CGLP 220 KN 5 1 1 1
ECOCOOL FB 1001 RENEP CGLP 220 KN 5 1 1 1
ECOCOOL R-TN 2525 HP RENEP CGLP 220 KN 5 1 1 1
ECOCOOL R-2030 MB RENEP CGLP 220 KN 5 1 1 1
ECOCOOL R-2510 N RENEP CGLP 220 KN 5 1 1 1

The perfect slideway oil for application

RENEP CGLP ISO VG 68, 150, 220

High-performance slideway oils for all machine tools offering excellent demulsibility, good chemical compatibility with cutting fluids, outstanding wear protection and low coefficients of friction.

RENEP CGLP products are highly-advanced slideway oil formulations for machine tools and all slideways and linear guide systems. Specially selected additives guarantee high lube film stability, lowest possible friction coefficients (to avoid stick-slip), high wear protection and excellent demulsibility with water-based cutting fluids. RENEP CGLP products ensure that load-bearing and protective lubricating film is formed.

They do not stain or discolour the slideways and protect against scuffing and corrosion. In addition, RENEP CGLP 68 can be used as a fully-functional hydraulic oil according to DIN 51524-2 resp. ISO 6734-4.

Products of the RENEP CGLP series are advanced and universally- applicable lubricants for the latest generation of slideways and linear guide systems.

Noteworthy features of the RENEP CGLP series of products are:

  • Extremely low friction coefficients (static and dynamic)
  • ??Excellent anti-stick-slip behaviour??
  • Excellent demulsibility with water-based cutting fluids??
  • Outstanding adhesion on metal and plastic surfaces
  • ??Very good corrosion protection, combats staining of the surface??
  • Avoids gumming and the formation of cutting fluid deposits


RENEP KN series products are highly-tacky, demulsifying, universal and advanced slideway oils. Special surface-active additives guarantee good product adhesion. The tackyfiers in RENEP KN products are highly-stable and display excellent compatibility with water-based cutting fluids.

RENEP KN products are universally applicable in slideway and linear guide systems.

Outstanding features of the RENEP KN series are:

  • Excellent adhesion provided by special additives which increase the adhesion to metal and plastic surfaces – “tacky effect”??
  • Very good anti-stick-slip behaviour, low friction coefficients?
  • Good demulsibility with water-based cutting fluids

RENEP K ISO VG 68, 100, 220

Universal slideway oils for the machine tool industry with powerful detergent and dispersant properties.

RENEP K series products are universal products suitable for all slideway applications. They offer good adhesion, good EP
performance, good anti-wear properties and pronounced corrosion protection. RENEP K series products display good compatibility with slide materials, very good ageing and oxidation stability and reliably combat stick-slip.

RENEP K products are formulated to be detergent and dispersant slideway oils with powerful cleaning properties and good compatibility with cutting oils and water-based fluids. RENEP K products keep the surface clean and avoid the formation of residues.

Outstanding features of the RENEP K Series are:

  • ?Excellent wetting properties
  • ??Good anti-stick-slip behaviour??
  • High detergency / dispersant performance??
  • Good compatibility with neat cutting oils
  • ??Good corrosion protection


PLANTOLUBE CGLP S products are carefully matched to the whole range of rapidly biodegradable hydraulic and gear oils.

PLANTOLUBE CGLP S products are fully compatible with the environmentally harmless range of FUCHS of PLANTO products. They offer good protection against seizing, wear, corrosion and display excellent stability. Due to the polarity of esters, PLANTOLUBE CGLP S products have good wetting properties and good “natural” cleaning properties

The outstanding features of the PLANTOLUBE CGLP S Series are:

  • ?Excellent wetting properties
  • ??Excellent anti-stick-slip properties??
  • Very low friction coefficient??
  • Good compatibility with other PLANTO products
  • ??Good corrosion protection

RENEP / PLANTO slideway oils

Overview of selected technical data

Product name Density
at 15°C
Kinematic viscosity
at 40°C
RENEP CGLP 68 879 220 68 -24 0.089 0.156
RENEP CGLP 150 892 230 150 -12 - -
RENEP CGLP 220 895 240 220 -15 0.064 0.143
RENEP KN 68 (TACKY) 880 220 68 -29 0.086 0.130
RENEP KN 220 (TACKY) 895 238 220 -17 0.092 0.103
RENEP 2 K 882 230 68 -27 0.111 0.204
RENEP 4 K 885 240 100 -24 0.118 0.189
RENEP 5 K 900 248 220 -12 0.125 0.155
PLANTOLUBE CGLP 68 S 916 280 68 -33 0.08 0.123
PLANTOLUBE CGLP 220 S 938 280 220 -33 0.092 0.129

Properties in comparison

Some important
in comparison
Coefficients of
with water-based
cutting fluids
Wear protection
“scuffing protection”
RENEP CGLP Series extremely low
extremely good
very good,
without “tackyfier”
very high protection
FZG A / 8, 3 / 90:12
RENEP KN Series extremely low
very good
extremely good,
with “tackyfier”
very high protection
FZG A / 8, 3 / 90:12
RENEP K Series very low
very good,
without “tackyfier”
high protection
FZG A / 8, 3 / 90:11
PLANTOLUBE CGLP Series extremely low
very good
very good,
without “tackyfier”
very high protection
FZG A / 8, 3 / 90:12